Study on the “Behavioural economic analysis of professionals’ incentives in health professions and in business services professions”: The current study studies the challenges that healthcare systems are facing and the urgent need to find effective ways of improving both efficiency and quality of care. While there is a fair amount of evidence showing that healthcare professionals are more pro-socially and intrinsically motivated than professionals in other domains, all health systems invest significant resources in professional regulation and quality assurance, thereby declining to leave quality up to the caring instincts of providers. Yet, providing empirical evidence on the causal effects of professional regulation on quality of care has proven so far difficult. Accordingly, the main objective of this study is ‘to contribute to the theoretical understanding and to the evidence base on factors determining or influencing the quality (and potential public interest orientation) of professional services in the EU’ and to do so adopting a behavioural approach.
Study on “Consumer preference and perception of specific categories of tobacco and related products to provide services for Consumer preference and perception of specific categories of tobacco and related products”. Tobacco consumption is the single largest avoidable health risk, and the most significant cause of premature death in the EU. Many countries have implemented policies to restrict the advertising of tobacco products, to regulate who can buy and use tobacco products and where people are allowed to smoke. The World Health Organisation (WHO) monitors the implementation of tobacco control policies under the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). The WHO FCTC is the pre-eminent global tobacco control instrument, containing legally binding obligations for its parties, setting the foundation for reducing both demand for, and supply of, tobacco products and providing a comprehensive direction for tobacco control policy at all levels.
Study on “Behavioural Study on Advertising and Marketing Practices in travel booking websites and apps”: Tourism is a major economic activity with a broadly positive impact on economic growth and employment in Europe. It is also an increasingly important aspect in the life of European citizens, more and more of whom are travelling, either for leisure or business. It generates more than 5% of the EU GDP, with about 1,8 million enterprises employing around 5,2% of the total labour force. It comprises a wide variety of products and destinations involving many different stakeholders, both public and private. While for decades, the hotels sector, airlines, and cruise lines industry had been dependent on intermediaries to sell their products to consumers, this has changed dramatically with the advent of new technologies. The tourism industry is increasingly an information-based industry, with particular reliance on technology supporting information and communication (ICTs). As a consequence, the online tourism market is continuing to grow and already represents an important component in the global tourism market, counting, in Europe, for around 36% of all sales in the travel industry. The rise of the internet has dramatically changed the way citizens travel, prepare and book travel arrangements and the way players in the tourism sector conduct business. Travellers are able to create online their own itineraries with the help of digital tools such as travel planning websites, mobile applications, price comparison websites or review portals, which frequently provide visitors with the option to directly book accommodation at listed locations.
Study on the “Dual Food Quality in the EU”: The free movement of goods is one of the four fundamental freedoms of the European Single Market. By removing internal borders and regulatory obstacles, the Single Market has generated important benefits and opportunities for EU citizens and consumers, in terms of greater choice, higher quality standards for products, and lower prices. Standardisation has been a driving factor in the creation of the EU Single Market, making it easier for companies to sell their products and services across the EU. The free movement of goods does not necessarily mean that every product must be identical in every corner of the Single Market. Whilst consumers are free to buy the products of their choice, business operators are also free to market and sell goods with different composition or characteristics, provided that they fully respect EU legislation (whether on the safety of products, labelling or other horizontal legislation). In particular, the EU legislative framework protects consumers against misleading information and unfair commercial practices. Indeed, Directive 2005/29/EC on Unfair Commercial Practices (UCPD) protects consumers from misleading commercial practices involving false information, or information that deceives – or is likely to deceive – the average consumer “even if the information is factually correct” in relation to the main characteristics of the product and, in either case, cause or is likely to cause the consumer to take a transactional decision he would not have taken otherwise. The UCPD operates as a safety net ensuring that a high, common level of consumer protection can be maintained in all sectors, complementing and filling gaps in other EU laws.
Study on the “DigitalHealthEurope: Support to a Digital Health and Care Innovation initiative in the context of Digital Single Market strategy”: DigitalHealthEurope will provide comprehensive, centralised support to the digital transformation of health and care (DTHC) priorities of the Digital Single Market. The project will support large-scale deployment of digital solutions for person-centred integrated care by identifying, analysing, and facilitating the replication of highly impactful best practices, utilising the consortium’s exceptional expertise on knowledge management and impact assessment (EIP on AHA repository of innovative practices, MAFEIP), twinning schemes, and mobilisation of stakeholders).
Study on the “Media Literacy Algorithm”: The proposed study will take stock of the state-of-the-art knowledge and data available on the challenges and opportunities posed by algorithm-driven media services. The study will aim to characterise and structure the relevant issues in this field for the benefit of policy makers and stakeholders. The proposed study aims to be a first step for EU media policy to address the challenges associated with algorithm-driven media services and mitigate their impacts. It will therefore go beyond the concept of algorithm transparency and the challenges associated with the use of algorithms in media services more broadly.
Study on the “Exposure of children to linear, non-linear and online marketing of foods high in fat, salt or sugar”: European Commission, DG SANTE. The purpose of the study is to get a thorough understanding of the exposure and effects of food marketing through linear, non-linear audiovisual media services and online services across Europe (incl. USA, UK, and Australia). Together with a team of experts both qualitative and quantitative studies will be conducted.
Study on the “Empowerment of Youth on Renewable Energy for Sustainable Societies”: ERASMUS+. The purpose of the study is to design and test e-learning methodologies to train and empower youth to set up programs about usage of renewable energy for sustainable societies. In addition, new evaluation models will be tested and improved to analyze the effectiveness of the e-learning methodologies.
Report European Commission. (2018). Benchmarking of eHealth among general practitioners.Brussel, Belgium: Valverde-Albacete, Jose; Folkvord, Frans; Hocking, Lucy; Lupiáñez-Villanueva, Francisco; Altenhofer, Marlene; Devaux, Axelle; Harshfield, Amelia; Faulí, Clara
Report European Commission. (2019). Study on the benefits and drawbacks of remote voting. Brussel, Belgium: Clara Faulí, Katherine Stewart, Federica Porcu, Jirka Taylor, Alexandra Theben, Ben Baruch, Frans Folkvord, Fook Nederveen, Axelle Devaux and Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva
Report European Commission. (2016). Study on the impact of marketing through social media, online games and mobile applications on children’s behaviour. Brussel, Belgium: Lupiáñez-Villanueva, F., Gaskell, G., Veltri, G. A., Theben, A., Folkvord, F., Bonatti, L., … & Codagnone, C.